The fundamentals of Wood Restoration - Part 2/2

The next part will pay attention on other methods that you may want to incorporate aside from cleaning.

Clean, the what to do next? A lot of power-washing contractors incorporate preservation methods to their services while some simply restrict their work to restoring its aesthetic element. Are you mulling over incorporating services aside from cleaning?

 Wood restoration

Wood restoration

Listed below are some advantages and disadvantages:

ADVANTAGES:

·   You can obtain added business from each client.

·   You can enhance your client base because you can obtain customers who only require cleaning, customers who require protection, or both.

·   A lot of clients need application for finishing.

DISADVANTAGES

 ·  You may return some other day to perform finishing jobs like sealing or coating.

· You can perform pressure-washing even during rainy days, but coating jobs is practically weather dependent.

·  You will not receive your full payment until you finished all your work.

Wrapping up what you started. When doing wood restoration, you have to be cautious that three classifications of finish products are prevalent: stain products, wood preservation products, and water repellant products. Basically, the regular paint job can reach up to ten years while stain, preservative protection and water repellant can last within a maximum period of three years.

Water repellant products has two major drawbacks. Even carefully applying them, water can still go inside the tiny pores of the wood. To add, water repellant only supplies protection for short term.

On the other hand, wood preservative products can protect wood from a broad array of elements like insects, decay, mildew and termites. When purchasing wood that has been pressure preserved, bear in mind that it already possess protection against insects, decay and termites. Lastly, stain products are practically paints that manufactures have slow down. Aside from looking attractive, stains also give the similar ultra violet ray protection that paints do. Look for stains that contain “titanium dioxide” and stains possessing solid colors, to avail of the maximum amount of protection.

Listed below are some tips and tricks to aid you in applying finishing jobs excellently:

· Always check on the direction of the manufacturer because more often than not, these supply tips on how to apply.

· Always make a test patch if you are doubtful about the possible outcome.

·  After pressure washing, look at the wood to ensure it has fully dried.

·  Never apply the finishing element in direct sunlight.

·  Never worry so much in terms of coating your undersides. In a lot of cases, this is not essential.

·  Use cardboard spray shields to aid you in masking the complex areas.

·  Take out oversprays or drips while they are still not dry.

·  Whatever your purpose is, a professional type drop fabric can do excellent work as compared to plastic sheets.

·  Spray first before you brush on.

·  Air sprayer can also be an excellent tool if it is properly set up.

·  Bear in mind though, that if you are spraying watery element, an airless sprayer can accumulate a lot of misting.

 

The fundamentals of wood restoration - Part 1/2

Even though we do not talk about it a lot, the Second Law of Thermodynamics has an impact on each other’s lives. Fundamentally, it means anything left on its own will surely begin to decline. Fortunately, we can retaliate through maintenance, like utilizing the process of restoring wood. Such processes can be avoided or perhaps even reverse the deterioration process. Oftentimes, it can practically restore the wood into its original condition.

Simply put, wood is a lot more vulnerable to its surroundings more than we know. Some of its main enemies include sunlight, temperature and time itself. These reactions on wood can come up with an array of unwanted outputs, like rotting, warping, mildew, splitting and accumulations of moss. But, utilizing some fundamental wood restoration processes can work wonders of several types of wood items.

 Wood care and cleaning

Wood care and cleaning

The first part of this article will focus on the wood’s enemy.

Weather: The wood’s best enemy. While it is true that trees need sunlight, it can possess a huge impact on wood products. Say for example, Ultraviolet rays from the sun can produce a lignin in the wood that weakens it, thus making the fibers not intact.  To add, the sunlight can cause unwanted wood heating. Thus, one side can dry faster as compared to the side which does not have the direct heat of the sun.

Other weathering foes of wood are prevalent as well. In cold communities, cycles of thawing and freezing can cause added stress on wood, thus coming up with a need for restoration. Further, damp wood can attract fungal spores to stick themselves onto the wood and produce / "reproduce". Unluckily, pressure treatment of hood has minimal success in avoiding the accumulation of fungal spores.

Cleaning of Wood: The process wood to restore to its original aesthetic can incorporate several processes. These methods can vary from a basic pressure washing to an immensely complex method with the use of several steps and special chemicals. It is best recommended that novices only handle wood restoration responsibilities when the impact of weather is even and moderate. 

 Pressure washing on exterior decking

Pressure washing on exterior decking

Fundamentals of Pressure Washing: If you eye on utilizing pressure wash to be able to restore wood, consider using specific techniques:

Begin from the bottom then work it out upwards.

1.      Stay away from using too much pressure.

2.      Wand along and shift the wood’s grain instead of shifting across.

3.      Keep the wand at similar angle to the ground.

4.      Maintain the distance similar from the nozzle to the ground.

5.      Dust away any remaining thin signs of dirt utilizing a soft brush.

6.      Utilize added treatment when wood seems to absorb water.

As day goes by, you will be able to know more about what to do and how to do about it. For example, you may look for barbecue grease on your deck. What do you want to make on it? You can apply automotive degreaser, or water-rinse method and a lot has utilized it to excellent results. Other specialized products for cleaning are prevalent. Basically, you spray them by applying a pressure washer to power rinse. These include stain removers, brighteners, and strippers.

Should chlorine bleach be utilized? Modern theory dictates bleach should not be utilized alone, but always in combination with proper detergent. It is a known fact that bleach can take away stain and avid mildew, but it is not an efficient cleaning element. Other type of stain such as rust that is bleach resistant reacts excellently to oxalic acid-based cleaners.

Tips and Tricks on Wood Maintenance

Wood maintenance is of a primary concern for everyone, an vary according to the kind of wood and its use such as in furniture, cabinets, wood flooring, and many more. If you care for your wood items then it will be immortalized and will remain in similar condition in which you have bought it. Although wood maintenance is not a complex task, you will have to bear in mind several parameters, tips, and tricks, to maintain your wood furniture. Listed below are some of them:

·         Wood life can be sustained by polishing it as this will not give the freedom for the wood to dry fast. Care on wood furniture must include polishing at least once every year with liquid polish, spray polish or semi-solid polish.

·         Use white and soft fabric for polishing your wood furniture and polish in the direction of the wood grains.

·         Stay away from wood polish that contains alcohol or silicon. Aerosols or spray polish are the simplest form to utilize when maintaining your wood furniture.

·         There are wood polishes that are available in oil or emulsion type form. Organic solvents, oils and waxes are the emulsion polishes. On the other hand, mineral, paraffin, walnut oil, Linseed oil are the oil type polishes. Lemon oil is considered to be the most efficient and best wood polish for your furniture.

·         The third classifications of wood polishes are paste waxes or more commonly known as semi-solid polishes. There are not harmful to the wood as compared to the first two classifications. But do not use it regularly because a thick application of wax is also bad for your wood thus, having an ugly appearance. Although utilizing wax polish is a bit difficult but always leans towards using semi-solid wax polish for your care in your wood furniture, floor, and cabinets. This is considered as the safest and do not result in any wood damage.

·         Combine lemon oil in three parts of olive oil. Utilize this mixture as wood polish for your furniture, floor and cabinets at home.

·         Utilize scratch powder to hide scratches on your wood furniture. Use a white soft fabric for application. Apply it gently and rub it smoothly on the wood surface.

·         To take out candle wax from your wood dining furniture or even flooring, let the wax get hard until such time that it becomes cool. Then apply ice on it. Take a plastic spatula to avoid scratches in scraping the wax off.

·         To eliminate water spots from your wooden furniture, let it dry and then use mayonnaise with a soft white fabric. Rub it on the water spot and you will be amazes to witness the watermark gone in no time. It is best recommended to utilize wooden coaster under glass in order to stay away from water spots. Watch out to not stain your wood in the process, you better try it on some non visible part first!!!

·         Do not put wood furniture directly under the heat of the sun because this will cause immediate dryness.

·         Do not put wood furniture directly under the cold of the air conditioning system because this will cause immediate dryness.

At the end of the day, always look for the welfare of your furniture to attain a lasting use.

Feel free to contact us for any question regarding your hardwood care.

 Carpenter applying tung oil on an Ulin countertop

Carpenter applying tung oil on an Ulin countertop

Let’s pave the path into the history of woodworking

Early antecedents: We know from the discoveries unraveled by great archeologist that, long before history was recorded, wood was utilized for tools, shelter, culinary items, decorative elements like jewelry and weapons. Important innovations in construction and craftsmanship complexity would, subsequently, await the availability of iron as durable than wood cutting edge. In the early biblical period, we know that tool technology and work schematics were advanced, supplying a concrete foundation for later developments.

 Woodworking in ancient time

Woodworking in ancient time

WOODWORKING IN THE MEDIEVAL TIMES: a look in to the past.

The renaissance and medieval period. Woodworking was considerably one of the many arts that emanates and attain a high degree of class during the said period. It was in the start of the middle ages ranging from 10th to 14th centuries, the woodworkers started to specialize different facets of the crafts. Hewers, sawyers, woodcarvers and carpenters are some of them. Today, several craft groups were formed to advertise the training of new workers and to save their specific disciplines as well as trade methods often become public and commercialized.

Development of tools. As woodworking became advanced, there developed a same, supporting technology in terms of tool making. First, woodworking tools were wooden-bodied incorporated with metal cutting edges. As of the moment, some of the most used tools are built in this manner. The dawn of middle ages paved way to the industrial revolution which basically made it probable to change the usual, manual operations with machines.

WOODWORKING IN OUR TIME: a look in to today.

This change was hindered in the late 19th century to early 20th century by an intense movement by crafts and arts guild in England, Russia, and the United States. The movers of this movements felt that woodwork produced by machine was demoralizing the worker and sought to highlight the dignity, individuality and creativity of the craftsperson.

In this day and age, two different paths seem to be emanating. A lot of woodworking professionals are replacing and upgrading their machines with computer-controlled and generated apparatuses. Among many crafters, there is aligned interest in traditional scheme, hand-cut joinery, carved embellishments, decorative inlay and lathe-work which are hand-turned.

WOODWORKING TOMORROW: A look in to the future.

Wood, efficiently maintained, is considered as a renewable material. Luckily in the recent years, there has been a modified awareness in the preservation of the globe’s equatorial rainforests, where tons of the most exquisite hardwoods as well as exotic species are found. Woodworkers are considered to be the most passionate of these preservationists. An entire subcategory of woodworking; that of using reclaimed wood gleaned from old houses, bridge timbers, and barns is slowly getting its limelight. Few materials showcase the durability, usefulness, efficiency and more importantly, beauty as a construction medium. As a seasoned woodworker would state, the satisfaction and pleasure obtained from practicing this rewarding and challenging craft cannot be compared.

 

 Router

Router

Wooden Dowels: An intricate Piece of the Past

You might be wondering what a wood dowel is. It might seem to be a simple wooden peg, and to tell you the truth, it is. But like a lot of wooden tools that seem to be useless, dowel rods possesses a great history.

At this point in time, they are utilized to make everything hold in place, but they also claim a much meaningful historical antecedence. The wooden dowel has been utilized for hundreds of years to hold things in place, and for better or for worse, it is the things that is used in our daily lives that makes us better person. Below are some facts and information about the wooden dowel and how a seemingly invisible negligible tool is a lot significant than we thought.

A piece of wood, but a meaningful history. The word dowel is an old English word equivalent of “doule” which simply means a part of a wheel. It can also be traced its history in the Middle German language “dovel” which meant to plug. Despite being regarded as an everyday tool, wood dowels have been utilized in several ways throughout history, earning them a spot when it comes to productivity and simple technologies that have thrive to be as useful as it can be throughout the years.

 Wooden dowels

Wooden dowels

Below are a chronological antecedent and its recollection of its rich history:

690 AD: A traveler went to a famous landmark in Ise, Japan and recounts the tradition of constructing shrines every decade to particular ancient beliefs calling for the need of interlocking joints and dowel pegs aside from nails.

1000AD: Leif Ericson sailed and rowed all over the North Atlantic starting from Norway to Newfoundland. He sailed in a Viking ship that was firmly constructed with planks that are overlapping and being held altogether using nails and wooden dowels.

1930 AD: Henry Yevele, a Master Mason, reconstructed Westminster Hall, comprising a 660-ton hammer-beam roof. This roof is unusually supported from down ground and was held specifically with the use of sturdy wood dowels.

Year 1500s: There are reports that ships from Southeast Asia that are constructed of wood using wooden dowels have reach the West. It is capable to sail as far as the tip of Eastern Africa. This has enabled the trade during the Ming Dynasty where china glassware had reached the other side of the world.

Mid 1600s: When a Dutch armada sunk in the Sargasso Sea, survivors made a life boat with the use of wooden dowels, and remembered how their capsized ships failed when the nails and spikes as fasteners disintegrated in to pieces. After this incident, the Dutch king constructed a ship that was entirely made out of wood with the utilization of wooden dowels.

Mid 1900s: A ship was discovered in Egypt which was held entirely using wooden dowel rods which marked the emergence of the importance of wooden dowels.

 No nail no screw - just wood and glue

No nail no screw - just wood and glue

As many can witness, dowels have been utilized throughout the history to fasten the world together. Roam around. How do you avail of this piece of history on your daily lives? It can withstand the test of time, forever, and even the days after it.

 

 

 

 

 

Source http://www.atlasdowel.com/pages/blog/entry/84/

 

 

Bamboo: The Tree of Life, its Properties, History, and Care; A Great Wood Element

Bamboo and Bamboo Furniture: Wood is an excellent selection in terms of outdoor furniture elements, but unluckily for some people, it does not come as cost-efficient. A sole chair ranges from 150-200 dollars, and a full set is an easy grand. But if you are only after the feel and look of a wood, there are other cheap options, just like the bamboo. Further, if you don’t consider furniture as a huge investment of money, bamboo is the most practical option. Read out to know more about bamboo:

 

 Sun rise on a bamboo forest

Sun rise on a bamboo forest

HISTORY: The Chinese were and up to this point in time, hold the record for the top producers and users of the wonder bamboo. Though it is not a surprise, the earliest bamboo items that was found, mostly household products and weapons belonged to the Chinese several thousand years ago. Before the emergence of paper, bamboo slips are utilized as a medium for writing, making it a key component in the propagation of Chinese language and culture. Bamboo was also utilized for tiles, shoes, roofs, and still emerged as a key ingredient in Asian cuisine.

In the western part of the globe, people were finding a lot more uses of bamboo. The first telephone made by Alexander Graham Bell was made of bamboo, and the filament used by Thomas Edison to create the world’s first light bulb was bamboo. Bamboo blinds, bowl, mats, and other ornamental items also became famous. At this point in time, the utilization of bamboo has spread to artistic elements like musical instruments and sculptures. It has also taken the construction industry as it is used in making floors, doors, walls and roofs. It is also used as an alternative medicine nowadays.

 

PROPERTIES and USES: Bamboo is basically classified as grass with a woody, hard stem that reaches its full height in about a year or so. This makes it an environmentally sound element, that is, heavy harvesting has practically minimal environmental impact. It is considered to be one of the fastest-growing plants all over the globe, which is why it still one of the most abundant species despite being utilized rampantly for the last several thousand years. The bamboo stem can be used as a strong wood-like material but has a lightweight feature. When the strips are fastened together, the resulting compound is ideal for buildings, such as scaffolding and pillar. A lot of traditional houses are entirely made of bamboo. It can also be utilized for suspension bridges in most parts of Asia.

 

Manner of GROWING: Bamboo grows invasively, with their roots immediately forming an underground system that does not require intense attention. In other words, they are self sustaining. Nutrients coming from the leaves travel down the visible stems up to the rhizomes. The grove remains alive even if the bamboo dies. Further, the effort is mainly focused on how to control it rather than how to propagate it. Bamboo growers either prune the culms or put a solid barrier to maintain it from invading other properties. The stems are the useful parts in manufacturing. After harvesting, the culms are cut in lengthwise. They are also boiled and milled to flatten the edges. The strips are fastened together, either face to face or edge to edge. In edge to edge style, they are basically laminated together in three layers in order to make them sturdier and thicker. Lastly, they are milled and pressed to make sure that they are structurally bonded together. They are sometimes carbonized and subjected to high intense temperature (below burning) to achieve dark and rich finish. Pale yellow is the natural color and is equally enticing to people.

 

FURNITURE: Furniture made of bamboo possesses an earthy, light feel that is suitable for open areas like patios, balconies and porches. When properly built, it can possess similar structural integrity like many hardwoods, but being regarded as a grass, it is significantly versatile and lighter. Bamboo is an excellent choice to renovate your room every now and then. And because of its extreme resistance, bamboo makes excellent storage pieces like cabinets and bookshelves. The lighter parts are basically utilized in making dressers and stools while the harder elements are made in to sofas and huge tables.

 

MAINTENANCE AND CARE: Bamboo is overly sensitive to water. So be extra cautious not to over-wash it or soak it in the rain. Cleaning is done occasionally using a damp or dry cloth. Remove the dust and grit using a vacuum cleaner or even a mop. Bamboo is also sensitive to spills so you have to wipe it immediately to avoid water marks and stains.

You do not have to be a hardcore conservationist to appreciate bamboo as furniture. Its natural aesthetic look makes it more appealing even as compared to the pricey woods. As long as you know the proper maintenance and care, your bamboo furniture can surpass your money’s worth.

 

 Design furniture

Design furniture

History of wood balusters: A closer look at spindles

Whether they are regarded as wood columns, spindles or balusters, it does not alter the fact that they are a wood product and you regularly see it but very rare to think about. In this day and age, spindles, balusters and columns can be stone, metal, or wood; but for the purpose of this article, we pay much attention to wood element. Regardless of its component, the available variation in terms of manufacturing balusters speaks to their broad aesthetics and appeal.

While balusters are regarded as a famous wood product at this point, their story goes a little deeper than that. They are also a part of rich history. From the modern day age to prehistoric times, spindles, balusters and wood columns have morphed in to a uniform and sleek shafts utilized for decoration, support, and stability in everything from the columns of the ancient fortresses to the porches and even stairway of your very home.

The style and shape of balusters emanated from the etymology of the word, which originates from the Italian word “balustra” which means “wild pomegranate flower”. Balusters were named after this because of their similarity to pomegranate flower that is half-open.

While the etymology directs toward Italian origins where balusters eventually became famous in the period of Renaissance, they actually date earlier to the Assyrian Palaces of Ancient Mesopotamia. In this regard, they were utilized as window balustrades which are tagged as a row of balusters. As time went by, they were in the balconies of the palaces in Verona and Venice, where they can still be found up to this point in time.

Historians on Architectural developments are having a difficulty in pinpointing an inventor of the modern column or baluster. But, the limelight is being enjoyed by Guiliano da Sangallo, the famous architect of Tuscany’s Medici Villa. Because of the baluster’s linked to the Medici Clan, it also obtained and excellent privilege in the works of Michelangelo, whom the family has dearly loved and looked up to over the years. As time passed by, balusters have also been regarded as spindles and columns.

Over the years, wood balusters and columns of all complexities and sizes have been utilized primarily as cabinet accents, porches, spindles, railing supports and even newels. At this point in time, balusters have been prevalent in these applications and more innovations, in both commercial and homes. It has proven over time its appeal, use, and immortal aesthetic.

 Various models of wooden balusters

Various models of wooden balusters

The essence of using reclaimed barn wood

Hundreds of years ago, a wise king once said, “There is nothing new under the sun.” The statement was real then and still prevalent as of the very moment. You do not believe it? Then look at the emergence of utilizing items like paper, metal, old furniture, wood and a lot more that we once would have tossed. Today, we shell out some time looking for schemes to incorporate those old elements to be something appealing and well-blended in the contemporary scheme. One element that is immensely famous is reclaimed barn wood.

There are a lot of reasons that individuals are leaning towards using reclaimed wood instead of going to the lumber shop and buying a new one. Listed below are some of them:

 Reclaim wood waiting to be re-used

Reclaim wood waiting to be re-used

1.      In a realm where we are practically looking for manners to recycle, it is time to go back to the fundamentals. So let us start with wood. By utilizing reclaimed barn wood, you are contributing in preserving the forest and using the resources responsibly which the nature provides.

 2.      Setting up the use of reclaimed barn wood takes minimal toll on the environment.

 3.      It would take more energy to process new lumber as compared to reclaimed barn wood for a project.

 4.      Because today’s contemporary design often wants wood from your virgin trees, those commercially grown are practically long enough to obtain their optimized size. Basically, utilizing reclaimed wood gives you the freedom to have longer planks of wood in terms of cut, making it ideal for bigger projects.

 5.      And because reclaimed wood has been regarded as durable, it is fully dried out and can stand the test of time as compared to new lumber.

 6.      Every element of reclaimed wood is practically different. So, you can be able to come up with an extraordinary design and pattern. This scheme in color and patterning makes it ideal for flooring, ceiling, countertops and a lot more decorative elements such as accent walls in office or home.

 7.      Reclaimed barn wood is oftentimes regarded as story wood or historical wood because each piece tells a story. When you buy reclaimed wood, you have to make sure to ask about the wood’s history. After all, there is something extraordinary special in terms of acquiring a piece of history.

 8.      When it is utilized for a project, where it will not be stepped on, there is no need to treat it using stains or sealants. Thus, it is faster to install. When using reclaimed wood for flooring, it can be prepared with minimal sanding, and staining is only an option. But, in terms of staining you do not mind about the integrity of the wood as staining will only showcase the wood’s imperfections that make it unique and a cut above the rest. There are a lot of sources of reclaimed wood. You can find some in salvage shops, on the property area by visiting thrift shops and even contracting a company to make new lumber appear like old ones. But regardless of where you acquire, you are ensured to be overly satisfied with the finished project in which it is utilized.

So, do you have anything in mind? Start now!

 Reclaim ulin (ironwood) beam

Reclaim ulin (ironwood) beam

 

 

 

 

Source: cedardirectmn.com

Wood Finishing: Torn Between using Seal or Varnish

PART 2/2

What is a sealer? A Sealer is a mixture of oils and resins as well. However, it produces low viscosity as compared to varnish, which simply means that the sealer practically penetrates in to the wood to nourish and protect not only the outside but more importantly, the inside. It is fundamental to apply three coats of sealer to wood surfaces because the initial coat will simply penetrate inside. The second coat binds with the first coat, forming a seal.  The final coat, on the other hand, provides protection from scratch, heat and water.

 source virm.net

source virm.net

Selear can be used to almost any timber wood. It can be used interior or exterior. And there are several classification of varnish that is also destined for interior and exterior temperate. Ultra-violet stabilizers are incorporated to exterior sealers to shield and guard against sunlight. Some also contain fungus and mold protectors. Before using any sealer to your outside wood, you have to make sure to check the label that the product meets all your climate and temperature conditions.

Now, pretty much we have an idea between a sealer and a varnish and it makes a significant sense as to which can be utilized for a specific project. Sealers are best recommended for any types of surface while varnish is a lot better for indoor woods where there is minimal chance of moisture or high humidity. It is best recommended for laundry room, bathroom, or kitchen cabinets.

Listed below are some tips and tricks when using sealer or varnish for wood finishing:

·         Do not wipe your brush in the inside of the tin because it adds bubbles. There is a great chance that it can spoil the finishing of your project.

·         Do not apply too little or too much. It needs to have a practice on a wood scrap so that you will get the feel of it before applying it on your desired project.

·         Use the varnish or sealer in coherence with the wood grain and work away from an edge, this time with a smoother finishing.

·         Should bugs or dirt elements spoil the wood surface while it is still not dry, just leave it there because you will just ruin the finish it you touch it. Wait until the coat is perfectly dried and use fine steel wool or the finest sand paper to sand away the blemishes.

·         You have to wait for the initial coating to perfectly dry before putting the second coating. A tacky initial coat will just simply spoil and you will have to sand everything away and begin all over again.

·         If you are eyeing an intense gloss finish, lightly sand between coats except the final coating.

Now, that’s all about it. If you follow these parameters on the first and last articles, you will achieve a perfectly beautiful project that can be a center of attraction in your home. For tips and ideas as well as inspiration for decors and furniture that you can incorporate to your home, you can visit our website shop or contact us to develop your next custom project!

 

 

http://www.home-dzine.co.za.
 

 

Wood Finishing: Torn Between using Seal or Varnish

Part 1/2

Being in line with wood workshops, I am frequently asked about the distinction between whether to seal or varnish a finished project. Both are efficient and great finishing methods especially when applied in an appropriate element.

Did you know that the internal component of wood comprise a lot of microscopic tubes or cells that run to and from the timber grain. These series of cells carry with them nutrients that are important for the growth of trees and, as soon as dried and cut, they continue to contract and expand under similar conditions of humidity and extreme moisture.

Even after a synthetic finished has been utilized to the wood surface, the wood continues to expand depending on the outside temperature in which it is stationed. It is not a method that you are going to find out easily but there are some ready indicators that this is not occurring. For example, during a wet weather, you may notice that an exterior garage door or a wooden gate will stick and swell a lot. You may even have a difficulty in opening a timber window. This is because of the fact that the wood has expanded as an outcome of excess moisture that was absorbed in the wood.

In turn, the expanded wood will basically revert back and dry out to its original condition, although sometimes minimal sanding down may be needed. Taking these basic factors in to consideration, when deciding what kind of finishing to apply to your wood projects, it helps to have an idea about little information beforehand.

 Herringbone flooring being varnished

Herringbone flooring being varnished

What is Varnish? Varnish is an infusion of oils and resins that are utilized and applied to the wood surface to supply a safety layer to protect against damage. Varnish is available in several formulations from matt finish to semi-gloss to gloss finish. Polyurethane varnish is the most commonly used varnish for finishing.

It is known that varnish does not specifically penetrate into the wood. It is the other way around. The first coat of varnish practically blocks the wood surface to supply added protection from unwanted moisture.

But, because of regular contraction and expansion of timber, the layer of varnish may perish and crack overtime which gives freedom for the moisture to go inside the wood and simply aggravating the problem.

So, are you enticed? You basically know something about the components and features of a varnish. On the next article, we will discuss some relevant facts regarding a sealer. And to conclude the topic, we will give you some tips and tricks on how to use either a varnish or a sealer. This article will aid you in choosing what to use as wood finishing. And after reading the whole of it, I am pretty sure that you will have something in mind.