Is Eco Friendly Wallet Friendly?

A lot of us nowadays haven’t touched the issue on climate change. Many are paying close attention to industrialization in relation to lucrative changes for the betterment of society. But time will come that mother earth will have its day of reckoning. She will get back on each of us. We have to be remembered that industrialization is as fast as a lightning. The rapid growth of technology as a way to forget the benefit of nature is slowly conquering eco-friendly system. While we still have time, we need to have a balance between industrialization and sustainable development.

eco-friendly hardwood

But the truth of the matter is, people will not even bother to know more about it. Many will just say that it is a system of recycling. They are wrong. Recycling is just a piece of the pie. There is more to eco-friendly system in sustainable development. But hey, don’t get me wrong here. I am not telling you to turn your back on technological advancements and focus your sight in nature and its benefits alone. What I am saying is that we have to make a balance between two forces so that mother earth will sustain its life. Remember, we only have one home, and that is our planet.

The first issue that one can face is the fact of price. Is it wallet-friendly? Mind you, it is! It is way cost-efficient as compared to the other force. As a citizen, there is nothing better than starting with your home. What can be recycled should be used to optimize its purpose. So, there you go; the bottom line is you do not need substantial amount of money to activate eco-friendly system.

From the recycling of jars, cans to composting your leftover food and planting your own vegetable at home, I bet you there is more to that. In terms of redesigning or remodeling your home, you can use old hardwood floors for rustic designs. Now, tell me, how pricey it is? Just always remember that there is more to life. There is more than meets the eye. Just look around you and you will surely contribute to eco-friendly system. There are a lot of things that you can do without spending a lot of money. For example, if you have a backyard, you can plant your own vegetables. If you have not, then there is a system where you can plant on pots. See, being “green” is not bad at all. Another one that can be productively applied is water recycling. With a win-win situation, you can save right amount of money and you can help conserve water.

sustainable life

At the end of the day, you will realize that being an eco-friendly is wallet friendly as well. No amount of money can be measured if one can simply contribute to perpetuate the life of the mother earth and sustain the generation of today and tomorrow. True enough being eco-friendly is truly friendly, in nature, and in your wallet.

Reasons for Choosing a Small Swimming Pool

This article focuses mainly on one’s contribution to sustainable development. And one solution is not to construct a large swimming pool.

It is a known fact that having a large tract of land with swimming pools is considered as status symbol for one’s community. Especially if your pool is as big as it can cater many people, your status is above regular. However, when benefits come, these are also coupled with other disadvantages and loopholes. Having a large swimming pool at home is a bit of a complex to maintain and operate. In coherence with sustainable development, other disadvantages of having a large swimming pool outweigh its benefits.

Meaning, we cannot sacrifice the many downsides of having a bigger swimming pool just for our own personal benefit. We need to jive with the community and the world at large. Yes, having a large swimming pool can be an eye candy. It will surely cater big parties and lots of people. Having a large area to swim is truly a de-stressing kind of activity and can be regarded as therapy for a week’s stressful work load.

But yes as well, before you think of building a large swimming pool, let me first discuss to you the downsides and disadvantages of having one.

·         It is not cost efficient. Of course, we cannot deny the fact that the larger your pool  is, the bigger your construction cost will be; as simple as 123. And mind you, that will not stop there. The bottom line is, do not construct or build a large pool if after building it, you have nothing left with you. How about its maintenance and operation? It also entails expenses. I mean you cannot just pour water in to it, without treating it. You cannot just swim at it without knowing that the water you used is clean. That is only some of the things that you need to know. Having a large swimming pool is having large continuous expense by which you are not sure whether you can sustain it.

But wait! Do not ever tell me or yourself that you have all the money in the world for the construction and maintenance of your large swimming pool inside your residence. Now, it is being self-serving. You might have the resources but where did you get it? Be responsible and contribute to sustainable development by not being self-serving. I know you know what I mean.

As you see, the construction itself posits a very alarming state in terms of your finances. It is truly a quandary in your pocket. At the onset, we should not be blinded by the fact that this will result in shelling out significant amount of money.

The next part or this intriguing article will pay close attention to the intrinsic disadvantages which cannot be seen by the naked eye. Thus, we need to put our eyes on the next set of disadvantages to lure you out from constructing large area of swimming pool.

·         Maintenance and operation is complex. The operation and maintenance of your  large swimming pool is expensive as well. Unless you are a professional, you will surely spend significant amount of money for your swimming pool’s maintenance.  Each pool owner understands the requirement of installing a filter in their swimming pool. It maintains the clean water and fit for bathing. There are specifically four classes of filtration system that are utilized for cleaning swimming pools. These are sand filtration method, cartridge inground method, Diatomaceous filtering method and Activated charcoal filtering method.

The point of this matter is, whatever system you use for your filters, you will still spend significant amount of money on a regular basis. If you are to filter large volume of water, surely, you will shell out large amount of money as well. 

Not only that, you will too spend with treatment and cleaning. So, how was that?

·        Release and outlet of water is a problem. Considering your large swimming pool, when it is time for you to release and replace your water, large amount of water will be a dilemma for your neighbors and community if you do not possess a proper release method for this. Water recycling can be an idea of solution but we will also go back to the first disadvantage, it will be costly for sure.

·         Soaring water utility bills. Of course, when you construct a large swimming pool, it is very sure that you will spend for large amount of water utility bills. Needless to say, the larger the volume of water consumption is, the bigger your water expense will be; as simple as that.

·         You are not contributing to sustainable development. This is regarded as the very important parameter that anyone could ever imagine. Sustainable development is a responsibility that everyone should contribute to be able to sustain and maintain the earth’s resources. Imagine a large volume of water being used and being damped after. Instead of a lot of people can utilize water resources, a big chunk of it goes to your pool for you to enjoy. How self-serving is that, right? If you are thinking of tomorrow, I suggest that your building of small swimming pool is a significant contribution to sustainable development. Be sensitive enough to know the needs of the population of tomorrow.

Overall, we can further state that the disadvantages overshadow and prevail over the advantages of having a large swimming pool. If you are on the verge of building a swimming pool inside your home, you need to consider its adverse effects not only to your family and purse, but more importantly, to the community and the world at large.

At the end of the day, you can sacrifice some advantages but experience what it is like to have a swimming pool. It is best recommended to construct a small swimming pool just right for you and suitable for your needs.


You can add the final long lasting beauty touch and install one of our reclaim Ulin ironwood decking around it!

The Anti-bacterial Characteristics of Wood should be Influenced in Construction

The capability to keep moisture intact, the advantageous acoustic elements and thermal conductivity are famous properties of wood. But at this point, researchers are becoming focused in wood’s antibacterial components. Say for example, a contrast of cutting boards has been discovered that it repelled bacteria as compared to plastic boards.

A lot of materials contain voltaic organic elements, more commonly known as VOCs, which are regarded to be health hazards. The volatile compound of wood has been found to have some antibacterial benefits. Based on clinical studies, the scent of a lot of wood elements is harmful to bacteria itself but not human. It was compared how well bacteria survived on untreated wood surfaces when compared to glass which is basically regarded as hygienic. When the volume of growth of bacteria on several surfaces were compared and cultured in a laboratory, both listeria and e-coli gradually died on the wood surface but it survived on the glass plate serving as a control.

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Wood extracts have also been found to be sufficiently efficient against hospital bacteria. It can be said that surfaces of a lot of wood compounds have antibacterial elements and that pine a bigger antibacterial effect than spruce. A lot of dozens of several wood extracts have been found to possess antibacterial properties as the lignin that binds the fibers together possesses an antibacterial effect. Further, wood surfaces quickly dry and this dryness of the wood puts bacteria at a loss.

Based on research, it was stated that there has been a minimal study into the effects of wood on well-being. Say for example, surveys of residents performed in wooden constructed building do not cause allergies in settlers in the same manner that a lot of materials possess as well.

The underlying anti-bacterial elements of wood do not originate from a sole substance but are the product of a well-functioning entirety of several substances. If a change of materials can retard the spread of hospital bacteria, we should capitalize the opportunity. And now that antibacterial research on wood has initialized, it would be an effective concept to appropriately study the effects of antibacterial wood in hospital and homes.

There are a lot of practical applications that leverage the antibacterial components of wood. Some companies manufacture a wide array of hygiene products from wood ranging from skin agents to rugs and chopping boards. They have enhanced the woods inherent anti bacterial features in their products and more.

It is best to know that all parts of wood have medicinal benefits. If antibacterial materials can be utilized in contact surfaces in public spaces, we will decrease or retard the transmission of several infectious diseases spread by hand. There are a lot of ideas and practical considerations that can be modified from these antibacterial characteristics. The only limit is our imaginations.

Truly indeed, wood brings wonder to lives of people. All the benefits are just there, and what we should do is to optimize its use to the fullest without abusing such.

A Wonder Medicinal Plant: Quinine, a cure for Malaria

Quinine still manages to be an essential anti-malarial drug almost four hundred (400) years after its emergence was initially recorded. But, its continued use is challenge by its weak tolerability, weak compliance with dosing components, and the availability of more successful anti-malarial drugs.

Quina, an active ingredient which is considered to be one of the most effective way of treating malaria in the early times, is propagated and commercialized as quinine nowadays, as a medicinal wonder that cures the same. However, the role of rectal quinine has not been exploited effectively, but it still remains as a promising tool.

Cinchona, or more commonly known as quina quina tree, is where Quina is derived. People use the bark to make the medicine. This is also used in enhancing appetite, modifying the release of digestive juices. It also uses to treat bloated stomachs, and other stomach issues. More importantly, it is also being used to treat malaria. It can be taken as a tea, by boiling the bark of the quina quina tree.

But because of medicinal development, it has evolved in to a wonder drug known as quinine. Malaria has been a menace in the early 1900s up to the Second World War. And a lot of people died because of malaria. The emergence of quinine has been a blessing to humankind. Quinine continues to play a crucial role in the treatment of malaria, especially in the early stages, and it will remain a major component of treatment until safer alternatives become prevalent.

True enough, the answer to one’s problem in treating diseases can be found everywhere. The nature has its own way of communicating to people and showcasing what can be used to fight such diseases.

At this point in time, quinine remains as an essential anti-malarial medicine that came from the timber quina, almost four hundred years after Jesuit priests initially documented its wonder. The 2010 World Health Organization (“WHO”) parameters recommend a mixture of quinine plus doxycycline, clindamycin and tetracucline as second line of defense for simple malaria and quinine plus. A significant amount of people have perished during the Second World War and estimated to be six hundred thousand soldiers and civilians. Moreover, the toll dropped to almost negligible in the present times and malaria can now be identified not as deadly. This is because of the help of quinine.

If only Cinchona was propagated during the Second World War and the Jesuit’s discovery has given significant attention, the world will not suffer from enormous amounts of death because of malaria. However, the world also has a way to teach us the importance of nature. That is why there is a need to take care of our vast forests to be able to have an abundant stock of Cinchona tree. This leads us to sustainable development as a system that links nature to man and its surroundings.

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Believe me when we say this, all the answers to our problem can be seen and witness in our nature. You just have to develop it.

Top Ten “not-so-famous” woods you never heard of - 2/2

The second part of this article will cover top five down to our finest pick. Enjoy

Making it to the coveted 5th spot is the DESERT IRONWOOD with a scientific name of Olneya Tesota. If you are knife-maker, this may probably be familiar to you. The rest of the world has no clue, I guess. This wood is extremely dimensionally stable to the point that it is almost scary. It is ultimately sturdy. It also has appealing grains, colors and is excellent for turning.

The tree grows crooked and very small that is why pieces are so limited and not cost economical. This wood can be utilized for your small special projects.

On the fourth spot is PISTACHIO WOOD, with scientific name as Pistacia Vera. Appeal and aesthetic is very good. Features an interesting color with tons of variation, and stripes that would make the zebra put to shame. People wanted the fruit more than the desired wood. They do not have the plan to cut them because there are some available out there that has the same features as the pistachio wood.

On the precious third spot is the BLACK LOCUST WOOD, with a scientific name of Robinia Pasudoacacia. Actually this is a common wood, that is why I am confused as to why more people do not have any idea about it and use it. Mostly, it is prevalent in the European Continent. This is an efficient substitute for common hardwood. This is tough and built to last unlike the regular commercial wood you always see on the market.

One notch lower to our top spot is KATALOX, with scientific name of Swartzia Spp. Just like ebony but differ in prices, then you will surely adore katalox. Some pieces can be just as dark as legit ebony, with a shade of purple. Other pieces can showcase a shade of reddish brown with black lines. So many elements in the Swartzia family - however, it is not frequently imported, and a lot of boards have an outrageous amount of Sapwood in them. So you really have to look for the best pieces. This is an excellent substitute for ebony if you are eyeing for a darker tone in your pieces.

Last, but definitely not the least, making it on our top spot is the MACACAUBA, with scientific name of Platymiscium spp. This wood exudes a colorful palette, with a lot of pieces having rich oranges and red with a fusion of black veins and darker brown of sophistication and exquisiteness. Some woods are adored for their color, other are loved for the grains and stripes on the wood. Well, Macacauba features both, and mind you, it is not expensive!

This appealing wood has the best of both worlds in terms of strength and color. Some notable names for this wood also include Macawood, Coyote, and Hormigo. Commercially, it is quite known as “Orange agate”.

Truly indeed, there are a lot of wood species that can be utilized and not only those which are famous. You just have to come up with a research and make a few clicks.

Top Ten “not-so-famous” woods you never heard of - 1/2

Hardwoods are easy to find, but do you know each features? There are other hardwoods that you never heard yet. This two-part article will show you some woods that are never heard as well as some of their features. Let us take a look at ten of the unusual hardwoods all over the globe:

Garnering the 10th spot is MOPANE, with a scientific name of Colophospermum mopane. This hardwood has stellar acoustic features which has lots of potentials. It is highly dense and can produce appealing grain and color patterns. It is a bit hard to find because it is only available in minimal chunks and blanks. To add, it is a bit costly and a lot of people are not up to spending significant amount of money on a wood that they have never heard.

Covering the ninth 9th spot is PAULOWNIA with a scientific name of Paulownia tomentosa. Among the definitive lightest woods there is in the world but not as foamy as the balsa wood. It is regarded as one of the most stable woods in relation to humidity and has very low movement in service. Grows like a weed, the paulownia are plantation grown.

Picture source paulownia.pro

Picture source paulownia.pro

The Japanese tend to utilize it all before anyone can lay hands on it. Paulownia is prices in the Japanese region and utilized for all classes of things.

On the eighth 8th spot is the GREENHEART with a scientific name of Chlorocardium  Rodiei. Greenheart is recognized as a wood of extremes. Entirely, it probably the sturdiest wood all over the globe, with off the charts MOR and MOE and crushing strength. It also possesses a stellar weathering features and rot resistance, more applicable in marine environment.

On its downside, this wood is a bit of a complex to work with. It is complicated to fasten and glue. It is also hard to saw.

On the seventh 7th spot is the CHAKTE VIGA, with a scientific name of Caesalpinia platyloba. There is so much to love about this wood. It has an exceptional tonal and acoustic features; it has a subtle iridescence that accumulates sophistication to any item. But overall, pieces with reddish or orange-ish coloration can be found. The color actually lasts as compared to other woods.

It is also more commonly known as Paela Wood. It is not cost-efficient as it is a bit hard to find.

The sixth spot is the BURMESE BLACKWOOD, with scientific name of Dalbergia Cultrata. This wood is easy to love as it exudes undue appeal. The grain pattern is basically extraordinary and a bit complicated to replace or imitate with another type of wood. This is in closes competition with pheasant wood.

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This is quite never heard of because it is seldom available in the market. And when there is a chance, it is usually expensive. People never regard it as an ebony knockoff for that matter, but it is basically entirely different species.

The next article will feature the next five spots that will complete the magic ten.

Pygmies, the Real Forest Inhabitants

The “pygmy” people of the Rainforests are traditionally regarded as hunter-gatherers and most of them settle in the vast rainforest area of South Africa. The term “pygmy” has obtain a not-so-good connotations, but has been reclaimed by several indigenous community as a term of identity.

Basically, these groups of people regarded themselves as “forest peoples” because of the basic essentiality of the forest to their livelihood, history, and culture. Each is a distinct individual, like the Aka, Twa, Mbuti and Baka living in countries which traverses Central Africa such as the Central African Republic (“CAR”), Rwanda, Cameroon, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (“DRC”).

Several groups have distinct hunting traditions and languages. Although each group faces several challenges and threats, logging, conservation, and racism are the main dilemmas for a lot, all contributing to violent abuse and serious health problems. Present estimate of the pygmy’s population runs to about five hundred thousand.

Pygmy

LIVING THE FOREST LIFE: A nucleus to the pygmy’s identity it their intimate link to the forest lands  that they have worshipped, protected and lived for generations through generations. Jengi, the forest spirit, is considered to be one of the few words common to a lot of the broad languages spoken by the pygmy communities. The significance of rainforest as their physical and spiritual abode, and as the source of their belief, medicine, livelihood and cultural share cannot be overstated.

Basically, small communities move frequently on several forest zones, gathering a wide range of forest kits, obtaining wild honey and trading products with several settled communities. Hunting strategies vary among the pygmy communities, and comprise bows and arrows, spears and nets and the like. But a lot of communities have been displaced by conservation projects and their remaining lands have been demoralized by extreme logging, commercial activities like bush-meat trading, and farmers’ expansion. This way of living is threatened by the loss of access to soil because of the privatization of land and by the rising availability of plastic items.

Majority of the land traditionally settled in by pygmy communities is rich in minerals and timber. There is a race between the conversationalists and the loggers to lay claim to the remaining forests. The needs and rights of the pygmies have been taken for granted in the scramble for the Central African forests.

Another example is in Congo, where multinational logging companies hurried in at the initial signs of peace to extract valuable timber. Local communities are often tricked into parting with their rights to the forest, which leads to the loss of their cultural heritage, the source of their income, their food security in exchange for a pinch of salt or sugar.

That is why nowadays, some groups outside of their realm are trying to help preserve their cultural heritage by helping them fight for their rights. Verily, pygmies are considered to be the soul of the rainforest. They are part and parcel of the land, just like timber and other minerals. Rainforests will die naturally if these pygmy communities will be wiped out.

Photo by  Sacha Styles  on  Unsplash

The Rainforest Canopy

About fifty to ninety percent of existences in the rainforests are regarded in the trees, above the shaded forest surface. Main tropical rainforest is vertically divided into five classes: the overstory, the canopy, the understory, the shrub layer and the forest floor. Each class has its own extraordinary animal and plant species blending with the ecosystem surrounding them.

The overstory denotes to the crowns of emergent trees which grows up to a hundred feet above the rest of the canopy. On the other hand, the canopy is the thick ceiling of closely spaced branches and their trees, while the understory denotes a widely spaced, minimal tree species and individuals that compose a broken layer below the canopy. The shrub layer showcases shrubby species and minimal trees that grow with a maximum height of twenty (20) feet off the forest floor. In other words, this is the ground layer of the forest made up of the tree trunks, low growing vegetation and fungus. This layer varies from forest to forest, but is considered as an efficient component of the mechanical and vegetative forest structures.

The overstory showcases a scattered emergent trees that umbrella above the rest of the canopy. This exceeds more than two hundred ten (210) feet. On the other hand, below the overstory trees lies the canopy which broadens from wide distances. This has an effect of seamlessness when observe from above. But despite the overlapping tree branches, canopies rarely touch each other. They are somehow separated from one another seemingly respecting each area. Why the branches of these trees do not touch is still a mystery up to this point, but studies have shown that it is a protection from infestations and other insects and diseases such as blight on the leaves. In order to survive, dwellers in the canopy must have the capability to negotiate these gaps by leaping, climbing, flying, or gliding.

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The hundreds of thousands of leaves of the canopy, acting as small solar panels, supplies the source of power for the forest by translating sunlight to energy by the process of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the method by which plants translate atmospheric carbon dioxide and water into simple sugars and oxygen. And because there are high rates of photosynthesis of canopy trees, these plants have higher yield of seeds, leaves, fruits and flowers that support and attract an array of diversity of animal life. Aside from attracting a plethora of wildlife, the canopy plays a crucial role in managing global and regional climate because it is the main site of the heat interchange, atmospheric gases and water vapor.

To add to gathering solar energy and maintaining such climate, the canopy shields the understory from intense and harsh sunlight, heavy rainfall, drying winds, and maintains the moisture of the forest below. Thus, the forest interior is way volatile environment as compared to upper parts of the canopy.

Truly indeed, the beauty of the rainforest through its canopy is a god-given gift. We may not understand its magic, but it is proven to be contributing to the betterment not only of the surroundings inside the canopy, but also beyond it.

“le radeau des cimes” studying the canopy

“le radeau des cimes” studying the canopy

Material Mix: What can you combine with wood?

Wood in itself is considered as beauty. Whether you use it as an ornament or design in your finishes, it will exemplify class and sophistication. Wood has played an important role in giving life to what is probably one of the most sought after field in construction; finishing. However, while wood can stand in itself, sometimes it is exciting to reinvent and incorporate other media. I am talking about fusion between wood and iron, or wood and plastic, what do you think?

Sometimes it takes one soul to be brave enough to try this. Well, basically, this is considered to be the “in” thing at this point - the fusion of conventionality and rustic look.

Wood and Plastic – This is usually prevalent in places with cool climates. Wood and plastic does not really compensate but if you get through the normal motif, you will surely have what you want. White and the natural colors of wood would go along with each other. Cabin houses which have natural wood walls can go along with plastic panels of your windows and door jambs. The stereotype log cabin can be paired with strong plastic fixtures such as window frames, railings, plastic balusters, and the like. It is also considered as an insulator in preventing or minimizing heat.

Not only that, Wood and plastic compensate each other in terms of strength. Aesthetically wise, we do not have any questions if the two will go along. And so as structural matters, as there are hardwoods that can withstand the test of time. But plastics are a very special component that can add sturdiness to the whole structure.

Wood and plastics can also go along with furniture such as bathroom and kitchen fixtures and cabinets. It can complement each other when mixed with other items inside the house. No wonder, this is the conventional thing right now.

Cooperation with our friend at Duakala. Mixing reclaim teak and recycled plastic tile.

Cooperation with our friend at Duakala. Mixing reclaim teak and recycled plastic tile.

Wood and Steel - On the other hand, the “big time” and “go-to” design now especially in the rural areas are rustic design. It is a combination of wood that are reclaimed and give a different level of beauty and rustic steel that would add not only color but depth to the rustic barn design. This is a good combination for furniture such as beds, cabinets, dining table and barn swings. Whatever the color is, there is no way that these two strong elements can conspire to come up with a greater classic but sophisticated design. However, black steel to brown natural wood would be the winner. You cannot go wrong with that kind of combination. You can even design it while your eyes are shut.

Truly indeed, while wood itself is a beauty on its own, you can level it up by incorporating other elements like plastic and steel. What makes it more special is the personal touch that you will give to your design. Never miss the chance to invent and reinvent your house design with the help of wood and its friends; plastic and steel.

DIY wood working

Sustainable waste management: A Tool in Sustainable Development - 2/2

The first part of this article will deliver the strongest sense as to the urgency of leaning towards sustainable development. We cannot therefore sit and watch our world deteriorate in a natural way. We must do something. We must engage in sustainable development as immediate as possible. Now we go to the meat of the topic.

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What is sustainable waste management? Basically, there is none sustainable waste management solution which can be the world’s bread and butter. There are still conflicting theories and foresights as to what are more environmentally, practical, advantageous and efficient means of attaining sustainable waste management.

The overall guidelines focuses in attaining sustainable waste management, that have been founded in several years across the entire European Union and a lot more countries are:

·         To lessen the amount of waste that the community produces;

·         To optimally utilize of resources that are naturally produced;

·         To select waste management best practices by which it tends to lessen the risk of drastic and future environmental harm and pollution to human health.

Over the last several decades, the actions required for the waste industry as well as individuals to abide, and those that are most sustainable have been straighten out by the policy makers in the government.

A process of waste disposal for coming up with the option between disposal method and waste treatment which put landfill disposals at the last in the list of probable waste disposal options, has been supplemented throughout the European Union, for utilization by all. It is more commonly known as the waste disposal hierarchy.

Landfill played an important role in this kind of technique in eradicating the residual waste after all pre-treatment of waste has already been taken away as much of the waste stream as possible, but it is a continuous lessening one, and caucus amongst waste experts still remains to be the go-to technique.

Sustainable landfill. Draining bioreactor landfill have been regarded as the sole way to attain sustainable landfills but very real technical issues and quandary prevailed in enhancing these methods, not least getting sufficient clear water for the flushing in the first place.

But, there is an over-all harmony on the objectives of sustainable landfill. Listed below are such:

·         The contents of the landfill must be restricted so that outputs are released outside in a restricted and acceptable way so as not to give drastic outputs.

·         The residues left in the landfill should not give a significant risk to the environment as well as the need for monitoring and aftercare should not be passed on to the generations of tomorrow.

·         Future utilization of groundwater as well as other resources shall not be compromised.

The focal point here is that regulated leakage to the environment can be a lot better as compared to total confinement is gradual enhancement and stabilization is attain without posing any kind of harm being caused.

Earth is the only home available to humankind. Humans are not permanent. So, we better do our part for the next set of humankind.

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